Understanding Heart Failure: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options | HM Cardiology Clifton, NJ

What is Heart Failure?

Heart failure is a chronic condition that occurs when the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. It can affect the heart's ability to fill with blood (diastolic dysfunction) or pump blood out (systolic dysfunction). Heart failure can be categorized into two types: left-sided heart failure and right-sided heart failure, with some cases involving both sides.

Causes of Heart Failure:

Several factors can contribute to the development of heart failure, including:

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD): CAD, a condition characterized by the narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart, is one of the leading causes of heart failure.

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension): Uncontrolled high blood pressure can strain the heart, leading to heart failure over time.

Heart Attack: A heart attack can damage the heart

muscle, affecting its ability to function properly and leading to heart failure.

Cardiomyopathy: This term refers to diseases that

weaken and enlarge the heart muscle, making it difficult for the heart to pump blood effectively.

Heart Valve Problems: Faulty heart valves can disrupt the blood flow, causing the heart to work harder and potentially leading to heart failure.

Symptoms of Heart Failure:

Recognizing the symptoms of heart failure is

crucial for early detection and timely treatment. Common signs and symptoms Include:

  • Shortness of breath, especially during physical activity or when lying flat.
  • Fatigue and weakness, even during routine tasks.
  • Swelling in the legs, ankles, feet, or abdomen due to fluid retention.
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat.
  • Persistent coughing or wheezing.
  • Reduced appetite and nausea.

Treatment Options:

At HM Cardiology in Clifton, NJ, we offer comprehensive treatment plans tailored to each patient's unique needs. Our experienced cardiologists may recommend the following treatment options:

Lifestyle Modifications: Adopting a heart-healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet, regular exercise, weight management, and smoking cessation can significantly improve heart failure symptoms.

Medications: Prescription medications such as ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, diuretics, and aldosterone antagonists are commonly prescribed to manage heart failure symptoms and improve heart function.

Cardiac Rehabilitation: Our specialized cardiac rehabilitation program focuses on exercise training, education, and support to help patients recover and regain their cardiovascular health.

Devices and Surgeries: In advanced cases, our team may recommend implantable devices like pacemakers or defibrillators to regulate heart rhythm. In severe cases, surgical interventions such as heart valve repair or heart transplant may be necessary.

Heart failure is a complex condition that requires expert care and management. At HM Cardiology, we are dedicated to providing our Clifton, NJ community with the highest level of cardiovascular expertise and personalized treatment options. By understanding the causes, recognizing the symptoms, and exploring available treatment options, we can work together to raise awareness and promote heart-healthy living. Contact our clinic today to schedule a consultation and take a proactive step towards a healthier heart.

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